An Organization’s Culture defines the proper way to behave in the organization. Organizational culture includes an organization’s expectations, experiences, philosophy, and values that hold it together, and is expressed in its self-image, inner workings, interactions with the outside world, and future expectations. It is based on shared attitudes, beliefs, customs, and written and unwritten rules that have been developed over time and are considered valid.
Types of Organization Culture
- Power culture: An organization ruled by a power culture has a strong leader influencing behavior and values. The leader also influences ideas and beliefs. This type of culture is very common in small companies, early-stage businesses, and startups.
- Role culture: In a role culture, formal systems determine values and beliefs. Government departments exist in a role culture.
- Task culture: In a company with a task culture, employees value task completion and achievements. Task culture can be seen in project teams where time and task resolution are important.
- Personal culture: In this type of culture, personal interests, beliefs, and ideologies are important drivers.