Hawthorne Effect

 

 

The term Hawthorne Effect was named during the 1920s when industrial history experiments took place at Western Electric’s factory in the Hawthorne suburb of Chicago. The Scientists included in this research team were Elton Mayo (Psychologist), Roethlisberger and Whilehead (Sociologists), and William Dickson (company representative). The Hawthorne Effect is the fact that people who are subject to experiments and studies tend to change their behavior because they are aware that they are subjects in experiments. Their change in their behavior is due to the attention they receive from the experimenters. 

 

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