Annual Income

What is annual income?

Annual income is the total amount of money an individual earns within a certain fiscal year. It covers expected salary, commissions, bonuses, overtime, and tips.

Thus, your annual income is the entire amount of money you earn throughout a given year. It also includes the annual gross income of an individual before any deductions. It is also referred to as yearly income or total annual income occasionally.

Following are the components constituted in annual income:

1. Salary: The set, regular payment an employee receives from their employer; it is frequently made monthly.

2. Wages: Wages are the money that people earn for their work. Wages are one of the main sources of income for most people and affect their standard of living.

3. Interest: Money received as a return on deposits made to bank accounts or investments made in securities like bonds or savings accounts.

4. Dividends: Dividends are sums of money corporations pay to their shareholders, typically in cash or additional shares of stock, representing a portion of the company’s profits.

What does annual income include?


here's what annual income includes

Annual income includes an individual’s earnings and financial advantages received throughout a fiscal year, including other sources of income and perks.

An individual’s income is divided into five primary categories to compute income tax under Section 14 of the Indian Income Tax Act. Each of these heads of income, including many sources of income and unique computation guidelines, is utilized to establish the total taxable income of an individual.

Here’s what annual income includes.

  1. Salaries.
  2. Income from house property.
  3. Profits and gains of business or profession.
  4. Capital gains.
  5. Income from other sources.

You need to add up all these sources of income for one financial year to calculate your annual income. You can use your pay slips, bank statements, tax returns, or other documents to verify your income. Calculators and software can also be used to estimate your annual income.

Is Annual Income Monthly or Yearly?

Yes, annual income is yearly. It is paid over 12 months. And divided into paychecks throughout the year since your total earnings during a financial year before deducting taxes. The fiscal or financial year runs from April 1st to March 31st.

What is the difference between gross annual income and net annual income?

Annual income is classified into two types: gross and net. Your yearly gross income is what you make before any deductions, such as taxes. After deducting all your expenses from your gross income, your remaining funds are your net annual income. Commonly, net income is less than gross income.

The difference between gross annual income and net annual income are;

Gross Annual Income:

Definition: The total earnings a person or business receives per year, excluding any deductions or exemptions, is gross annual income.

Components: Without deducting any costs, it covers all sources of income, including salaries, business profits, rental income, and interest.

Calculation: The gross yearly income of an individual or corporation is determined by summing up all of its many sources of income over a year.


  • It establishes the income tax bracket, assisting with tax compliance and planning in India.
  • Mostly, financial institutions use it to determine whether people and businesses are eligible for loans.
  • Businesses declare it for statutory compliance purposes, including GST filings and turnover calculations.

Net Annual Income

Definition: Net annual income is the amount of money an individual or business has after deducting permitted expenses and taxes from gross income.

Components: It includes income after deducting expenses such as income tax, HRA, standard deductions, and investments under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

Calculation: To determine net annual income, take gross income and subtract all taxes and deductions.


  • It represents the disposable income after deducting taxes and other essential expenses for consuming, saving, and investing.
  • For businesses, it represents profitability after deducting operational expenditures, taxes, and additional charges.
  • For financial purposes, individuals use it to decide how much money can be set aside for savings, investments, or everyday necessities.

How to calculate annual income?

annual income formula

To calculate the annual income:

First, divide the gross pay (before deductions) by the months worked to determine the monthly income.

Then, multiply the monthly income by 12 to get the annual income.

annual income example question

Using the above formula, Ankita’s annual income can be calculated as follows:

Annual Income=₹20 per hour×40 hours per week×52 weeks per year

Annual Income=₹20 × 40 × 52

Annual Income=₹41,600

So, based on the given hourly wage, hours worked per week, and weeks worked per year, her annual income is ₹41,600.

Let’s us another example;

You can calculate your annual income by adding up all the income you receive in one year from various sources.

Suppose, Raj earns ₹50,000 per month as a salary, ₹10,000 per month as interest from a bank account, and ₹5,000 per month as dividends from a stock investment. His annual income would be:

annual income example calculation


1. How to calculate monthly salary from annual salary?

To calculate the monthly salary from an annual salary in Indian Rupees:

Step 1: Understand the Annual Salary:

Let’s consider a yearly salary of ₹500,000.

Step 2: Divide by 12:

Divide the annual salary by 12 (total months in a year).

Monthly Salary=₹500,000/12

Step 3: Calculate the Monthly Salary:

Monthly Salary=₹41,666.67

Therefore, if the annual salary is ₹500,000, the monthly salary would be approximately ₹41,666.67

2. How much annual income is taxable?

According to Budget 2023, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman declared that, “The government proposes to increase the income tax rebate limit from Rs 5 lakh to Rs 7 lakh in the new tax regime.”

Also, there will not be any tax for income of up to Rs 3 lakh. Income above Rs 3 lakh and up to Rs 5 lakh will be taxed at 5 per cent. For income of above Rs 6 lakh and up to Rs 9 lakh, the income tax will be applicable at a 10 percent rate. Income of more than Rs 12 lakh and up to Rs 15 lakh will be taxed at a 20 percent rate.

3. How often should I review my annual income?

With your performance review cycle, you should review your annual income at least once a year. You can review your annual income in six months if you want to check it more frequently.

You can also consider reviewing your annual income whenever there is a change in your personal or professional circumstances, such as a relocation, a promotion, a career switch, or a family expansion.

4. What should be included in my annual income calculation?

Your annual income calculation should include all the sources of money you earn or receive during a financial year from April 1st to March 31st of the following year in India. Examples are salary and employment, capital gain and interest, rental, and other incomes.


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