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Organizational Chart

What is an Organizational Chart?

An organizational Chart is a diagram that shows the relationship among various officials and job positions in the organization. It also helps in visualizing the relations between multiple departments within the organization.

Also known as Organization Chart or Org Chart, it helps in organizing job roles and positions by defining specific details of people and positions, like location, key roles and objectives, contact information, etc.

What is the importance of an Organizational Chart?

Do you know organizations with clear communication report a 25% productivity increase? An organization chart ensures clear internal and external communication.

Additional benefits of organizational charts are:

  • Clarifying reporting structures and responsibilities for enhanced accountability.
  • Facilitating the growth of new professional relationships.
  • Addressing employee grievances smoothly.
  • Aiding in the onboarding process for new employees.

What is the purpose of an Organizational Chart?

While the key purpose of an organization chart is to define roles and responsibilities, an Organizational Chart is also essential for:

  • Indicating key responsibilities and reporting structure of each role across the organization.
  • Coordinating departmental efforts towards overall goals.
  • Visualizing the impact of daily employee efforts on business growth.
  • Outlining career progression paths of employees.

What should an Organizational Chart include?

An ideal organizational chart includes the following:

  • Job specialization: It outlines the tasks and responsibilities.
  • Departmental segregation: It categorizes employees based on their specializations.
  • Chain of Command: It clearly shows the chain of authority and decision-making hierarchy.
  • Span of Control: It shows the reporting structure and the efficiency of team functioning.
  • Formalization: It defines employee behavior standards and work culture.

What are the types of Organizational Charts?

Organizational charts can be classified under three types. They are:

  • Hierarchical Organizational Chart
  • Matrix Organizational Chart
  • Flat Organizational Chart

Hierarchical Organizational Chart

In this type, managers are placed at the top (with more power and authority) and the employees below them (lesser authority and power). Employees can communicate with their direct managers and vice versa. It is the most common type but limits the influence of employees on the decision-making process.

Matrix Organizational Chart

In this, employees have more than one reporting manager, and the reporting structure looks like a web. This is common among startups, where various teams handle multiple projects, and employees are often a part of more than one project. This increases communication and collaboration among departments, but also leads to conflicts of interest.

For instance, a group of graphic designers reports to the head designer. They also work on different projects with various team leaders.

Flat Organizational Chart

The organization consists of only two levels: the top management and the employees. Here employees handle more responsibilities and are directly involved in decision-making. It is also known as the Horizontal Organizational Chart.

How to Create an Effective Organizational Chart

To create an organizational chart for your firm, follow these basic steps:

  • Choose the correct organizational chart type based on your work structure, company values, and leadership style.
  • Define the main purpose behind creating the chart.
  • Select a template that suits your needs and purpose.
  • Customize the template by adding or removing levels, titles, or positions.
  • Add a headshot to denote different positions and job titles.
  • Finalize the structural design and circulate it throughout the organization.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What do dotted lines mean on an organizational chart?

The dotted lines on an organizational chart denote an advisory role between the positions, indicating an informal relationship between them.

Q2. What are the benefits of organizational charts?

Organizational charts enhance communication, assist in decision-making, define responsibilities, and nurture organizational efficiency and accountability by illustrating hierarchical structures, roles, and positions within the firm.

Q3. What are the limitations of organizational charts?

A few of the common limitations of organizational charts are:

  • Oversimplification of complex relationships.
  • Neglecting the impact of informal communication.
  • Inability to capture the dynamic nature of today’s fluid workspaces.
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