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Difference Between Gross Income and Net Income

Gross Income Vs Net Income: Differences

The difference between gross income and net income is that gross income is the total amount earned in exchange for work before subtracting any deductions and net income is the take home salary after making all the deductions. The other main differences between gross income and net income are:

BasisGross IncomeNet Income
MeaningGross income is the total earnings of an individual or an entity before subtracting any taxes, expenses, or deductions.Net income refers to the amount leftover after subtracting all the deductions and expenses.
PurposeGross income is the starting point in income tax calculation. It is used to determine a person’s creditworthiness.Net income’s main purpose is to show how profitable a person or a business is. It represents the financial standing of a person.
ClassificationGross income is classified into earned and unearned. Earned income includes wages, tips, and commissions. Unearned income refers to dividends, interests, rent, etc.Net income can be classified as positive or negative, depending on the profitability of an individual or a business.
Business contextIn business, gross income is the earnings made minus the cost of goods sold.Net income is the actual profit after subtracting all the expenses of a business.
TaxationThe taxable amount cannot be determined when calculating gross profit.The taxable income is determined after making the necessary deductions.
FormulaGross Income = Total Earnings (both earned and unearned)Net Income = Total Earnings – Deductions/expenses

For businesses, gross income helps understand if their sales have gotten better and net income is used to understand the profitability to take important decisions.

What is Gross Income? 

Gross income is the total amount an employee has made in exchange for work before deducting any taxes. The amount includes salary, allowances, pensions, dividends, profits, and other forms of income. It is calculated by the total number of hours worked in a certain period. Gross income is generally used to determine a person’s creditworthiness and serves as an initial point of Income Tax Return (ITR) before subtracting taxes or deductions.

In ITR, after the gross income is determined, deductions are subtracted to determine the taxable income. Gross income is also calculated by businesses to understand the business performance with respect to how their products or services are performing. When calculating, expenses that are not directly related to the product are not included. This can also be referred to as ‘gross profit.’

Formula for calculating gross income:

Gross Income = Income earned in exchange for work + Extra earnings

For businesses,

Gross Income = Total Revenue – Cost of goods sold

What is Net Income?

Net income is the residual income remaining after deductions for taxes, insurance, and any contributions. It is the final paycheck amount after subtracting all the deductions and expenses. For businesses, net income refers to the earnings after deducting total expenses like cost of goods sold, rent, salaries, taxes, etc.

Formula for calculating net income:

Net Income = Gross Income – Any deductions/expenses

For businesses,

Net Income = Total Revenue – Total Expenses

Gross income here refers to the total amount earned before any deductions. In a business context, it refers to the total earnings deducting operating expenses and excluding non-operating expenses.

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