Apprentices Act

Who is an Apprentice in a company?

As per the government of India, an apprentice is a person who is undergoing apprenticeship training for a specific industry.

What is the Apprenticeship Training?

Apprenticeship training is a course of training in an industry under a contract of apprenticeship which consists of: –

  1. a) Basic training component
  2. b) On-the-job training (OJT)/practical training at the workplace.

What is the Apprentices Act 1961?

Apprentice Act expects to advance a new workforce at abilities and improvement and refinement of old aptitudes through theoretical and practical training in various industries. The Act visualizes to manage and control the Apprenticeship Training in exchange and to enhance the accessibility of the specialized people for the Industry. Apprentice Board called Board of Apprenticeship Training has been framed with the motive to provide new engineers with an actual work environment.


The Act shall be applicable only to those areas or industry within the meaning of Section 2(k) of the Act as notified by the Central Government or to any special apprenticeship scheme for imparting training to apprentices as notified by Central Government [Section 1(4)(a) and (c)]. Thus, it is not applicable to any area or the industry without Government Notification.

Eligibility Criteria

A candidate shall fulfil the following criteria to appointed as an apprentice:

  • He should not be less than 14 years of age
  • He should be physically fit and shall fulfill standards of education specified under Rule 3 r/w Schedule I, IA and 4 respectively r/w schedule II (Section 3)

Is Apprentice a worker?

As per Section 18 of the Act, every apprentice under apprenticeship training in a designated industry shall be treated as a trainee and not a worker and it further states that the provisions of any laws pertaining to Labour do not apply to an apprentice, except certain specified provisions of the Factories Act, 1948, Mines Act, 1952 and Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923 for the welfare of the apprentices (Section 18 r/w Section14 and 16)

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